How to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis

Are your gums red, sore, swollen, or bleed when you clean your teeth? You may have gum disease, or gingivitis. If you don’t get it treated promptly, it could develop into a condition known as Periodontitis. While gum disease is a fairly mild complication that can often be treated just by brushing and flossing properly, periodontitis – or periodontal disease – can have some serious complications.

Gingivitis And Periodontitis

Gingivitis, or gum disease, is an infection of the soft tissue of the mouth – in this case, the gum. It’s usually caused by poor oral hygiene or food getting stuck between teeth. Plaque and tartar that builds up on teeth form ideal food sources for bacteria to grow and thrive.

Periodontitis is when this infection advances to the stage it affects the hard tissues, or bone in the jaw. The infection begins to eat away at the bone, weakening the support structures of the tooth, and opening the disease to enter the bloodstream and affect other parts of the body.

(A) Teeth from a chronic periodontal patient presented dental calculus, gingival recession and attachment loss. (B) Molar tooth showed in (A) extracted due to advanced periodontal disease involvement.
Image Source Wikimedia

Preventing and Treating Periodontitis

The easiest way to prevent gingivitis and periodontitis is to brush and floss twice a day. Good oral hygiene is the number one defence against most oral health concerns.

Should you get periodontal disease, you’ll need a “deep clean”. This is different from a regular check and clean you get at the dentist. Instead of just removing plaque and tartar, your dentist or oral hygienist will need to remove infected tissue from around your teeth. This involves the use of specialist instruments that work underneath the gum to clear out diseased tissue from between the gum and tooth.

A deep clean treatment can take one or more appointments to fully clear out the infection.Afterwards, patients will need to visit the dentist every 3 or so months for check and cleans rather than every 6 months, to keep a close eye on the mouth and prevent reinfection.

Call us today to book your checkup and clean, to ensure optimal oral health and keep your gums disease free…. 

Bright white teeth - before and after

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